Unit 101


Unit 101

La Unidad 101 era una unidad de operaciones especiales de la Fuerza de Defensa Israelí (FDI), creada y comandada por Ariel Sharón a la orden del primer ministro David Ben-Gurión, en agosto de 1953. Su creación responde a la necesidad de poner fin a una serie de ataques "fedayeen" árabes contra población israelí, que la FDI había intentado frenar, con poco éxito. La Unidad 101 se fusionó con la brigada de paracaidistas en 1954, y posteriormente se disolvió.

Trasfondo y organización

Tras la guerra de 1948, Israel tuvo que hacer frente a varios asaltos de militantes árabes en sus fronteras. Inicialmente, se trataba de pequeños ataques organizados por refugiados, frecuentemente con motivos económicos, pero pronto este estilo de ataque fue adoptado por las fuerzas militares de los países árabes colindantes, que crearon una serie de brigadas semi-formales para organizar operaciones, ya a mayor escala, a partir de 1954.[1] Según los informes de Israel, hubo entre los años 1949 y 1956 cerca de 9.000 ataques,[2] en los que murieron cientos de civiles israelís.[3] [4] [5]

Enlaces externos

Referencias

  1. Orna Almog (2003). Britain, Israel, and the United States, 1955-1958: Beyond Suez. Routledge. p. 20. ISBN 0714652466. 
  2. David Meir-Levi (2005). BIG LIES. Demolishing The Myths of the Propaganda War Against Israel. Center for the Study of Popular Culture. p. 36. ISBN 1-886-442-46-0. 
  3. The Arab Israeli Conflict 1949 - 1956
  4. Howard Sachar, History of Israel, p. 450. cited at «Fedayeen Raids 1951 -1956». Jewish Agency for Israel.
  5. THE 1956 SINAI CAMPAIGN

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