Anexo:Alias honoríficos en la música popular


Anexo:Alias honoríficos en la música popular
Aretha Franklin, "Reina del Soul", honorificada con la Medalla Presidencial de la Libertad en noviembre de 2005.

Los alias honoríficos en la música popular son, a menudo, apelativos religiosos, familiares o (la más frecuente) reales y aristocráticos, usado como una forma de expresión en los medios de comunicación o para identificar el significado notable e influyente de un artista por sus fans. Los alias honoríficos fueron usados en la música clásica de Europa a inicios del siglo XIX, con figuras como Mozart siendo llamado "El padre de la música moderna" y Bach como "El padre de la música del piano moderno".[1] Estos apelativos, también, fueron particularmente prominentes en la cultura afroamericana, posterior a la era de la Guerra Civil, tal vez como un medio de concesión negado por la esclavitud, y como resultado entró en los primeros pasos de la música jazz y blues, incluyendo a figuras como Duke Ellington y Count Bassie.[2]

En la cultura americana, a pesar de su constitución republicana e ideológica, cuatro alias honoríficos se han utilizado para describir a figuras destacadas en distintos ámbitos de actividad, tales como la industria, el comercio, el deporte y los medios de comunicación; el padre o la madre se han utilizado para los innovadores, y títulos reales como rey y reina para figuras dominantes en un campo específico.[3] [4] En los años 30 y 40, de tal manera que el jazz y el swing fueron ganando popularidad, estos géneros musicales se hicieron más comerciales y exitosos con artistas como Paul Whiteman y Benny Goodman siendos conocidos como "El Rey del Jazz" y "El Rey del Swing, respectivamente, aunque que estas formas musicales surgieron de la cultura afroamericana.[5] El uso de los alias también pasaron al uso en el rock and roll, iniciado en los años 50. Se intentó encontrar (y un número de personas clamaban serlo) a "El Rey de Rock and Roll", un título que se comenzó a asociar con Elvis Presley.[6] Esto ha sido visto como parte de un proceso de consignación de crédito para la innovación de la entonces nueva música por un establecimiento blanco.[7] Diferentes honorificaciones fueron tomadas o entregadas para otras figuras líderes en el género, como "El Arquitecto del Rock and Roll", de Little Richard en los años 1990, [8] pero este término, como muchos, también es usado para otras importantes figuras, en este caso incluyendo al pionero de la guitarra eléctrica Les Paul.[9]

Alias honoríficos similares fueron entregados en otros géneros, incluyendo a Aretha Franklin, literalmente coronada como la "Reina del Soul" por el DJ Pervis Spann en el escenario, en 1968.[10] Otros alias fueron adoptados para emular directamente a estos, donde tenemos ejemplo al apelativo "Rey del Pop" de Michael Jackson.[11] [12]

Muchos de estas asignaciones son usadas como un proceso de márketing y puede ser adoptadas o caer en desuso por la prensa y los fans en un tiempo determinado.[13] Muchas de ellas, fueron fuertemente promulgadas y refutadas por varios artistas[14] y, en ocasiones, repudiados o minimizados por sus súbditos. Algunos de estos alias son usados, en general, para identificar a individuos en particular, por su estilo o trayectoria.

Contenido

Otros términos

Después de los principales términos (padre, madre, rey, reina), existe otros apelativos usados para designar su influencia particular o diferente en un género o ámbito. Estos son "padrino", "madrina", "emperatriz", "emperador", "diva", "princesa", "príncipe", "abuelo", "maestro", "señor", "modfather" (utilizado para designar a un personaje influyente en el movimiento mod, como ejemplo principal a Paul Weller), "señora", "señor", "dios", entre otros.

Pop

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
Emperatriz del pop asiático Ayumi Hamasaki Japón [15]
Princesa del pop Kylie Minogue Australia [16]
Britney Spears EE.UU [17]
Christina Aguilera EE.UU [18]
Lady Gaga EE.UU [19]
Princesa del electro-pop [20]
Reina del pop Madonna EE.UU [21]
Reina del pop latino Gloria Estefan EE.UU [22]
Thalía México [23]
Reina del pop español Marta Sánchez España [24]
Princesa del pop latino Shakira Colombia [25]
Reina del canto pop Anita Mui Hong Kong [26]
Reina del pop cristiano Amy Grant EE.UU [27]
Reina del pop japones Namie Amuro Japón [28]
Hibari Misora Japón [29] [30]
Diosa del pop Cher EE.UU [31] [32]
Padrino del pop británico Ray Davies Reino Unido [33]
Padrino del cantopop Joseph Koo Hong Kong [34]
Roman Tam Hong Kong [35]
Rey del electropop Calvin Harris Escocia [36]
Rey del pop Michael Jackson EE.UU [37] [38]
Príncipe del pop Robbie Williams Reino Unido [39]
Justin Timberlake EE.UU [40]

Títulos femeninos

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
Ángel de la Música Sarah Brightman Reino Unido [41]
Dajieda ("Gran Hermana") Mao Amin China [42]
Emperatriz del Blues Bessie Smith EE.UU [43]
Emperatriz del Soul Gladys Knight EE.UU [44]
Reina del pop adolescente Selena Gomez EE.UU [45]
Ídola eterna Seiko Matsuda Japón [46] [47]
Reina Eterna Vivian Chow Hong Kong [48]
Primera Dama del Country Tammy Wynette EE.UU [49] [50]
Primera dama de la Canción Ella Fitzgerald EE.UU [51] [52]
Madrina del Punk Patti Smith EE.UU [53]
Suma Sacerdotisa del Soul Nina Simone EE.UU [43]
Princesa del R&B Aaliyah EE.UU [54]
Brandy EE.UU [55]
Monica EE.UU [55]
Princesa del Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley EE.UU [56] [57]
Reina de la música Folk Americana Odetta EE.UU [58]
Reina del Blues Koko Taylor EE.UU [59]
Dinah Washington EE.UU [60] [61]
Reina de la música cristiana Sandi Patty EE.UU. [62]
Reina del canadiense R&B Jully Black Canadá [63]
Reina del Country Kitty Wells EE.UU [64] [65]
Loretta Lynn EE.UU [66] [67]
Reba McEntire EE.UU [66] [68]
Dolly Parton EE.UU [66]
Reina del Disco Donna Summer EE.UU [17]
Gloria Gaynor EE.UU [69]
Sylvester EE.UU [70]
Reina del Folk Vinjamuri Anasuya Devi India [71]
Reina del Gospel Mahalia Jackson EE.UU [72] [73]
Reina del Heavy Metal Lee Aaron Canadá [74]
Reina del Hip Hop Missy Elliot EE.UU [75]
Mary J. Blige EE.UU [17]
Reina del Hip Hop Soul Mary J. Blige EE.UU [76] [77]
Reina del Jazz Ella Fitzgerald EE.UU [78] [79]
Reina del R&B Beyoncé EE.UU [80] [81]
Mary J. Blige EE.UU [82] [83]
Ruth Brown EE.UU [84] [85]
Alicia Keys EE.UU [86] [87]
Janet Jackson EE.UU [88] [89]
Reina del Rave Rozalla Zambia [90]
Reina de la Re-invención Madonna EE.UU [91] [92]
Queen Latifah EE.UU [93]
Christina Aguilera EE.UU [94] [95]
Reina del Rock and Roll Janis Joplin EE.UU [96] [97]
Stevie Nicks EE.UU [98] [99]
Tina Turner EE.UU [17]
Reina del Soul Aretha Franklin EE.UU [17] [100]
Reina del Tejano Laura Canales EE.UU [101]
Lydia Mendoza EE.UU [102]
Reina del Tex Mex Selena México, EE.UU [103]
Estrella del Oriente o Diva de la canción árabe Umm Kulthum Egipto [104]
Reina de la Salsa Celia Cruz Cuba [105]
Reina blanca del Soul Dusty Springfield Reino Unido [106] [107]
Rosa de España Rosa López España [108] [109]
La pantera de figueras Mónica Naranjo España [110]
La más grande Rocío Jurado España [111] [112]
La española más mexicana Rocío Dúrcal España [113]

Títulos masculinos

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
Arquitecto del Rock and Roll Les Paul EE.UU [114] [115]
Little Richard EE.UU [116]
El Jefe Bruce Springsteen EE.UU [117]
Presidente de la Junta Frank Sinatra EE.UU [118]
Príncipe Heredero del Reggae Dennis Brown Jamaica [119] [120]
Padre del Bluegrass Bill Monroe EE.UU [121]
Padre del rock chino Cui Jian China [122]
Padre del Death Metal Chuck Schuldiner EE.UU [123] [124] [125]
Padre del Disco Giorgio Moroder Italia [126]
Padre del Folk Narasimha Murthy, Manapragada India [127]
Padre del reggaeton Nando Boom Panamá [128]
Dios Eric Clapton Reino Unido [129]
Dios de la Canción Jacky Cheung Hong Kong [130]
Sam Hui Hong Kong [131]
Dios del Rock Freddie Mercury Reino Unido [132]
Padrino del Disco Mel Cheren EE.UU [133]
Padrino del Grunge Neil Young Canadá [134]
Padrino del Italo Disco Alexander Robotnick Italia [135]
Padrino del Metal Ozzy Osbourne Reino Unido [136]
Padrino de la Polka Brian Kirchberg Polonia [137]
Padrino del Punk Iggy Pop EE.UU [138] [139]
Padrino del Rap Rudy Ray Moore EE.UU [140]
Gil Scott-Heron EE.UU [140]
Padrino del Ska Laurel Aitken Jamaica [141]
Padrino del Soul James Brown EE.UU [142]
Abuelo del Rock and Roll Robert Johnson EE.UU [143]
Su Majestad Púrpura o su maldad Real Prince EE.UU [144] [145] [146] [147]
Rey Jimmy Zambo Hungría [148] [149]
Rey del Blues John Lee Hooker EE.UU [150]
B. B. King EE.UU [151] [152]
Rey del Country Roy Acuff EE.UU [153]
Rey del Freestyle Stevie B EE.UU [154]
Rey del do de pecho Luciano Pavarotti Italia [155]
Rey del Jukebox Louis Jordan EE.UU [156]
Dick Todd EE.UU [157]


Los Cuatro Reyes Celestiales del pop chino Jacky Cheung Hong Kong [130]
Leon Lai Hong Kong [130]
Andy Lau Hong Kong [130]
Aaron Kwok Hong Kong [130]
Rey del Jazz Paul Whiteman EE.UU [158]
Rey del R&B R. Kelly EE.UU [159]
Rey del Ragtime Scott Joplin EE.UU [160]
Rey del Raï Khaled Argelia [161] [162]
Rey del Rap Kurtis Blow EE.UU [163]
Snoop Dogg EE.UU [76]
Lil Wayne EE.UU [164]
Rey del Reggaeton Daddy Yankee Puerto Rico [165]
Rey de Rockabilly Carl Perkins EE.UU [166] [167]
Rey del Rock and Roll Chuck Berry EE.UU [168]
Fats Domino EE.UU [169]
Alan Freed EE.UU [170]
Bill Haley EE.UU [170]
Elvis Presley EE.UU [171]
Little Richard EE.UU [172]
Rey del Rock 'n' Soul Solomon Burke EE.UU [173]
Rey del Skiffle Lonnie Donegan EE.UU [174]
Rey del Soul James Brown EE.UU [175]
Otis Redding EE.UU [176]
Rey de la Guitarra Surf Dick Dale EE.UU [177]
Rey del Swing Benny Goodman EE.UU [178]
Rey del Tejano Emilio EE.UU [179]
Dios del Metal Rob Halford Reino Unido [180] [181]
Señor Música Country Red Foley EE.UU [182]
Señor Emoción Jackie Wilson EE.UU [183]
Modfather Paul Weller Reino Unido [184] [185]
Músico de los sonidos Pierre Schaeffer Francia [186]
Papa del Mope Morrissey Reino Unido [187]
Príncipe del Motown Marvin Gaye EE.UU [188]
Príncipe de las tinieblas Ozzy Osbourne Reino Unido [189]
Príncipe del Euro Sniper EE.UU / Chipre [190]
Príncipe del R&B Usher EE.UU [191]
Chris Brown EE.UU [192] [193]
Príncipe del Soul Marvin Gaye EE.UU [194]
Sugar Boy del R&B Matt Jannazzo EE.UU [195]
Sol del Arte Zeki Müren Turquía [196]

Títulos de Grupos

Title Artist Country Source
Banda Americana The Beach Boys US [197] [198]
La mejor banda de Rock and Roll estadounidense Aerosmith US [199] [200]
Los cuatro grandes del Thrash Anthrax US [201]
Megadeth US [201]
Metallica US [201]
Slayer US [201]
The Fab Four The Beatles UK [202]
Primera familia del Soul Five Stairsteps US [203] [204]
Jackson Five US [203]
El padrino del Rave The Prodigy UK [205]
La mejor banda de Rock 'n' Roll en el mundo The Rolling Stones UK [206]
La mayor banda de Rock 'n' Roll The Black Crowes US [207]
La única banda que importa The Clash UK [208]

Véase también

Referencias

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  16. "Había una vez, mucho antes de que siquiera alguien conociera a Britney, Christina o Jessica, la princesa del pop era la cantante australiana Kylie Minogue, que dominaba los charts mundiales." in «Kylie's back on royal form» (en inglés), Birmingham Post: 5, 08 de julio de 2000 
  17. a b c d e "Some women have even been given titles. Tina Turner who is The Queen of Rock and Aretha Franklin, dubbed the Queen of Soul. Donna Summer is the Queen of Disco and Mary J. Blige is the Queen of Hip-Hop, Gloria Estefan is the Queen of Latin Pop, Madonna is the Queen of Pop, while Britney Spears and Christina Aquilera are the Princesses of Pop." in L. Bollinger and C. O'Neill, Women in Media Careers: Success Despite the Odds (University Press of America, 2008), p. 147.
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  23. Anodis. «Thalía Reina del pop Latino». Consultado el 15 de noviembre de 2011.
  24. Las Provincias (14 de julio de 2007). «Marta Sánchez pone la guinda» (en español). Consultado el 09 de febrero de 2011. «La reina del pop español actuará mañana domingo en la plaza de Europa. Un concierto gratuito que anticipa el final de las celebraciones en la localidad».
  25. "Shakira, Reina" in Shakira ava musica-latina-reina 12A3877133.shtml 
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  30. Known as the queen of Japanese pop music... «The Japan Foundation newsletter», The Japan Foundation (University of Michigan) 17-21: p. 6, 1989 
  31. "Cher - singer, Oscar-winning actress and campaigner -is the original queen of reinvention, an expert at re-creating herself." in «Turning back time», The Times: 73, 2006-09-02, ISSN 01400460 
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  33. "Affectionately referred to as the 'Godfather of Brit pop,' Davies is co-founder, lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the Kinks, one of the most long-lived and influential rock groups of the 1960s British Invasion." in Ray Davies To Be Honored as BMI Icon at Annual London Awards October 3, Broadcast Music Incorporated, 2006-08-08, http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/334938, consultado el 2009-01-22 
  34. "For Koo, who credits his music studies at Berklee with having an influence “mainly on the theory and inspiration” of his musical arrangements, went on to make such a major impact on the local popular music scene that he was bestowed the title ‘The Godfather of Cantopop’. " Yvonne Teh. «the godfather of cantopop». bc magazine. Consultado el 03-01-2010.
  35. "For Koo, who credits his music studies at Berklee with having an influence “mainly on the theory and inspiration” of his musical arrangements, went on to make such a major impact on the local popular music scene that he was bestowed the title ‘The Godfather of Cantopop’. " «Riding a Melodic Tide – The Development of Cantopop in Hong Kong». Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Consultado el 03-01-2010.
  36. BlackBook Calvin Harris: The New King of Electropop Consultado el 28-11-2009
  37. «Michael Jackson's Black or White Blues». Entertainment Weekly (29 de noviembre de 1991). Consultado el 03-07-2009. «[A] highly placed source at MTV says the network was obligated to refer to Jackson on air as the King of Pop in order to be allowed to show "Black or White." An MTV spokeswoman denies that, but the phrase was part of MTV's ads for the video and was repeatedly used by its VJs. A source at Fox confirms that Jackson's people did request that Bart use the phrase "King of Pop" in the video and that the phrase also be used in the network's press releases; "King of Pop" also crops up in Fox's print ads for the video and in press releases by Jackson's publicists, Solters/Roskin/Friedman.».
  38. He wears the crown as the King Of Pop because no artist has broken his record of selling nearly 60 million copies of a single Album (Thriller). Lewis Jones, Jel D. (2005). Michael Jackson, the King of Pop: The Big Picture: the Music! the Man! the Legend! the Interviews: an Anthology. Amber Books Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9780974977904. 
  39. Sus escandalos le hacen merecedor del título[2] Consultado el 10 de Julio de 2010
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  41. Sarah Brightman: The original angel of music hits the high notes in Symphony
  42. 146 Nimrod Baranovitch, China's new voices: popular music, ethnicity, gender, and politics, 1978-1997 (Univeristy of California press, 2003), p. 146
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  44. Overshadowed by the success of Diana Ross and Aretha Franklin, Gladys Knight technically supersedes them with her title "Empress of Soul". And rightly so: with her Pips she created solid Motown hits, followed by Seventies soul gems such as Midnight Train to Georgia and Help Me Make It Through the Night - sure to raise a tear on this farewell tour. McNulty, Bernadette (2009-10-10), «Pop», The Daily Telegraph: 16 
  45. Selena Gomez es la nueva Reina del Pop Adolescente [3] Consultado el 21 de agosto de 2011
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  48. 導語:許鞍華拍攝的電影《得閑炒飯》裡,“玉女掌門人”周慧敏將會與吳君如飾演一對同性戀人,片中還有激吻親熱場面。為揣摩角色,周慧敏早前還跟許鞍華到蘭桂坊女同志派對見識,更與場內同志傾心事 (Ubiquity translation: Guide language: Ann Hui shot the film "leisurely fried rice", the "beautiful woman Master" Vivian Chow will work with Sandra Ng plays a pair of gay people, intimate scenes of the film there is Ji Wen. To try to figure out the role of Vivian Chow was kind enough earlier to the Lan Kwai Fong Ann Hui lesbian party insight and more attracted to things with comrades inside。玉女掌門人周慧敏再登嘉兒演繹知性風尚(組圖) - 時尚 - 全球新聞 - 北美新浪:» págs. Splash. Sina.com. Consultado el 2009 11 22.
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  58. "Odetta, who has died of kidney failure aged 77, received many honours during her life, most notably from Martin Luther King, who called her 'the queen of American folk music', and the then US president Bill Clinton, who in 1999 awarded her the National Medal of the Arts and Humanities. She had been due to sing at Barack Obama's inauguration in January." in «Queen of folk led way for female solo singers», Irish Times: 14, 2008-12-06 
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  63. "Jully Black has been called a lot of things. But she gets a good laugh at those who have called her the 'new queen of Canadian R&B'." in O'Brian, Amy (2007-11-22), «Black paves a new path for women in rhythm & blues; Canada's new queen of R&B? Who's the old one, asks trendsetter Jully Black», The Vancouver Sun: D.11 
  64. "In 1952, Kitty Wells was named the Queen Of Country Music by Fred Rose..." in Larkin, Colin (1992), The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, p. 2662, ISBN 1882267001, 9781882267002 
  65. "A crown, presented to the singer in 1973, is among the costumes, awards, mementos and other artefacts now on display in 'Kitty Wells, Queen of Country Music', a career-spanning biographical exhibit at Nashville's Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum running through next June." in Mazor, Barry (2008-10-01), «Music: The Queen of Country Music Holds Court», Wall Street Journal: D.9, ISSN 00999660 
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  67. If any long-running singer deserves to wear the crown, or at least the tiara, of Queen of Country, then surely it's the Coal Miner's Daughter herself, Loretta Lynn, right? Right. (Sorry, Dolly). «Queen for a day», Pantagraph: D.5, 2008-03-13 
  68. "Through massive record sales and live shows that take on a Bruce Springsteen-like endurance, McEntire has earned her unofficial moniker as 'The Queen of Country'." in Schaults, Janine (2009-05-20), «It's Reba, for a good cause», Chicago Tribune: 4, ISSN 10856706 
  69. "Although Gaynor was crowed the 'Queen of Disco' after dance floor favourites like "Honey Bee," "Never Can Say Goodbye" and "Casanova Brown" ..." in P. Shapiro, Turn the Beat Around: The Secret History of Disco (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2006), p. 213.
  70. «Sylvester, Singer and Entertainer, Dies at 42», The New York Times, 1988-12-18, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE0D8173EF93BA25751C1A96E948260, consultado el 2009-03-15 
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  74. "Recall that throughout most of the eighties and even into the nineties, Aaron was known as the queen of heavy-metal rock, the loudest, brashest and sexiest female rock belter this side of Janis Joplin." in Niester, Alan (2000-09-22), «Metal queen slips into something jazzy», The Globe and Mail: R.6, ISSN 03190714 
  75. "Beyond being the best-selling female hip hop artist to date, and often referred to as the queen of hip hop, what separates Missy Elliott is her ability to allow her aesthetic to speak for itself. She uses her artistry to transcend cultural norms in hip hop and in the music industry." in Hess, Mikey (2007), Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 503, ISBN 9780313339042 
  76. a b Reeves, Marcus (2009), Somebody Scream!: Rap Music's Rise to Prominence in the Aftershock of Black Power, Macmillan, pp. 143, 185, ISBN 9780865479975 
  77. "Universally known as the 'Queen of Hip Hop Soul' because of her frequent collaborations with rap artists and Hip Hop producers..." in" Bynoe, Yvonne (2006), Encyclopedia of rap and hip-hop culture, Greenwood Press, p. 32, ISBN 9780313330582 
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  80. "It is three years since she dissolved Destiny's Child after three albums and a run of award-winning hymns to womanly empowerment such as Survivor and Independent Woman; six since her duet with the Brooklyn rap demigod Jay-Z served notice to the world that America's foremost hip-hop star and its emerging queen of R&B were an item." in Paphides, Pete (2008-11-14), «Shy big sister by day ... wild girl by night», The Times: 2, ISSN 01400460 
  81. With four Mobo nominations, Beyonce is the undisputed queen of R&B. Simpson, Eva; Hedley, Caroline (2006-08-16), «3AM: Mo contest for Beyonce», The Daily Mirror: 16 
  82. "Once again The Candy Store and Fresh City Promotions have pulled a major rabbit out of the hat with the launch party for the new album by Mary J Blige, the undisputed Queen of R&B, Growing Pains." in «Fresh party for Mary j's new album», The Plymouth Evening Herald: 2, 2008-02-15 
  83. In the wake of her 'Breakthrough' success, the reigning queen of R&B tries to please her many followers—but, most of all, herself. Vozick-Levinson, Simon (2007-12-21), «Mary J. Blige», Entertainment Weekly: 22, ISSN 10490434 
  84. "Years before Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and Etta James, Ruth reigned as the original queen of r&b. She achieved a distinctive sassy and streetwise style, which made her one of the most popular singers of her era. Her career has been so influential that Atlantic Records is sometimes referred too as 'the house that Ruth built' and for good reason." at Cotton, Nzgina (2008-04-07), «Ruth Brown: The Original Queen of r&b», New Nation: 22, ISSN 13657496 
  85. Years before Aretha Franklin was crowned Queen of Soul, Ruth Brown reigned as the original Queen of R&B. Jones, Steve (2006-11-20), «R&B diva for the ages», USA TODAY: D.1, ISSN 07347456 
  86. "The reigning 'queen of R&B,' as decreed by her backing vocalist (and opening act) Jermaine Paul and countless others, Keys owned the stage at a packed WaMu Theater, highlighting her elegant artistry and dynamic personality in a 90-minute set." in Toombs, Mikel (2008-09-22), «Superwoman Keys Earns Title Of R&B Queen», Seattle Post-Intelligencer: C.3, ISSN 0745970X 
  87. On Friday, the queen of R&B, Alicia Keys, took over RodeoHouston. Clark, Michael (2005-03-07), «Duff makes rodeo a pop event», Houston Chronicle: 5, ISSN 10747109 
  88. "A quarter of a century on, R&B reigning queen Janet Jackson is still on top of her game. It's no easy feat beating her brother Michael, the King of Pop, with six No. 1 albums under her belt. Was it just pure luck? We didn't think so." in Mak, Lennat, Janet Jackson - Discipline, MTV, http://www.mtvasia.com/Review/CD/C20080307001638.html, consultado el 2009-03-07 
  89. Miss jackson to tour? R&B queen Janet Jackson will be the featured performer during the aol super bowl xxxviii halftime show, produced by mtv. Super bowl xxxviii will be held February 1 at reliant stadium in Houston and will air on cbs. Waddell, Ray (2004-01-10), «Indies: Survival Of The Fittest», Billboard 116 (2): 16, ISSN 00062510 
  90. "Rave fave Rozalla has a Plymouth date. The Zambian-born singer, who has seven top 30 hits to her name, plays Zeros on Saturday, October 3. She enjoyed her biggest hits with Everybody's Free (number six) and Faith (11) in 1991. Her album, with the same title as the top 10 single, earned her the tag the Queen of Rave." in «'Queen of Rave' at Zeros», The Herald, September 22, 2009 
  91. "The queen of reinvention, Madonna, even named her 2004 world tour Reinvention." in Gallo, Carmine (2006), 10 Simple Secrets of the World's Greatest Business Communicators, Sourcebooks, p. 204, ISBN 9781402206962 
  92. The queen of reinvention has achieved the seemingly impossible yet again. «Spotlights: Singles», Billboard 117 (44): 69, 2005-10-29, ISSN 00062510 
  93. "She is after all, the Queen of Reinvention." in Hess, Mikey (2007), Icons of hip hop: an encyclopedia of the movement, music, and culture, Volume 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 239, ISBN 9780313339035 
  94. "Christina Aguilera has been the queen of reinvention throughout her decade in the music industry" in Kovacevic, Keely, Christina Aguilera biography, MTV, http://www.mtv.com.au/music/artists/christina-aguilera/#bio 
  95. Christina Aguilera has been the queen of reinvention throughout her decade in the music industry Terry, Laura (2009-02-05), Style Wars: Christina Aguilera Vs Lady GaGa, Female First UK, http://www.femalefirst.co.uk/lifestyle-fashion/stylecelebs/Christina+Aguilera-7180.html 
  96. "Janis Joplin found hers in Texas and left for the West Coast, there to become queen of rock and roll." in McNally, Dennis (2003), Desolate Angel: Jack Kerouac, the Beat Generation, and America, Da Capo Press, p. 316, ISBN 9780306812224 
  97. ...Janis Joplin, the nation's reigning queen of rock 'n' roll. Jackson, Buzzy (2005), A bad woman feeling good, W. W. Norton & Company, p. 81, ISBN 9780393059366 
  98. "...with Rolling Stone magazine dubbing Nicks, 'The Reigning Queen of Rock and Roll'." inBrackett, Donald (2007), Fleetwood Mac: 40 Years of Creative Chaos, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 159, ISBN 9780275993382 
  99. Take Edge of Seventeen, the elegy for John Lennon which launched the solo career of Stevie Nicks, queen of rock and roll and former better half of Fleetwood Mac. «Plucking the Same Old Strings», The Hindustan Times, 2009-02-06 
  100. "She is also known as 'Sister Ree,' 'Lady Soul' 'La Diva Franklin,' and 'The Queen of Soul.'" in Bego, Mark (2001), Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul, Da Capo Press, p. 6, ISBN 9780306809354 
  101. "Born August 19, 1954, in Kingsville, Texas, she is recognized as 'la reina de la onda Tejana' (the queen of Tejano music)." in Candelaria, Cordelia; Peter J. García (2004), Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 822, ISBN 9780313332111 
  102. "In a music heavily dominated by men, Lydia Mendoza, the First Queen of Tejano Music, stands out." in Dorian, Frederick; Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, James McConnachie, Richard Trillo, Orla Duane (2000), World Music: The Rough Guide, Rough Guides, p. 606, ISBN 9781858286365 
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  106. "Springfield acquired the title “White Queen of Soul” as a result of her many hit cover versions of songs by African American artists such as the Shirelles, Inez and Charlie Foxx, and Baby Washington." in Annie J. Randall (2005), «Dusty Springfield and the Motown Invasion», Institute for Studies in American Music Newsletter 35, http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/isam/NewsletF05/RandallF05.htm 
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  117. "Initially a cult figure, by 1985, 'The Boss', as he became known to his fans, was the world's most successful white rock star since Elvis." in Shuker, Roy (2001), Understanding Popular Music, Routledge, p. 123, ISBN 9780415235099 
  118. "'He is the most imitated, most listened to, most recognized, voice of the second half of the twentieth century,' the New York disk jockey William B. Williams said in the fifties, tagging him forever with the epithet Chairman of the Board." in J. Lahr, Show and Tell: New Yorker Profiles (University of California Press, 2002), p. 52.
  119. "Dennis produced an enormous catalogue of albums and singles, and earned the undisputed title of 'Crown Prince of Reggae'."«Remembering Dennis Brown, reggae royal», Jamaica Star, http://www.jamaica-star.com/thestar/20070131/cleisure/cleisure1.html, consultado el 2008-10-25 
  120. "Others will point to the likes of the 'crown prince of reggae' Dennis Brown, for his contribution to roots reggae and his influence on a generation of reggae artistes." in The reggae debate: still unresolved, 17 October 2008, http://www.bbc.co.uk/caribbean/news/story/2008/10/081010_reggae_contribution.shtml, consultado el 2008-10-25 
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  126. "This record was a collaboration between Philip Oakey, the big-voiced lead singer of the techno-pop band the Human League, and Giorgio Moroder, the Italian-born father of disco who spent the '80s writing synth-based pop and film music." Evan Cater. «Philip Oakey & Giorgio Moroder: Overview». allmusic. Consultado el 21-12-2009.
  127. "He was awarded the title of JanapadaBrahma (which literally means the Father of Folk Music) by the Government." EncycloRecord (24 de diciembre de 2008). «About Janapada Brahma Shri Manapragada Narasimha Murthy». Folk Arts Music and Research Institute. Consultado el 24-04-2009.
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  130. a b c d e "What happens when the 'God of Song' descends on Genting Highlands during a cold and wet weekend? He warms and melts the hearts of both young and old with his charm and huge repertoire of hits, that's what! And that was precisely what Hong Kong superstar Jacky Cheung - arguably the most popular and enduring of the four Heavenly Kings - did at his two sold-out concerts last Friday and Saturday at the Arena of Stars. (For the uninitiated, Cheung, Andy Lau, Aaron Kwok and Leon Lai are the four "Heavenly Kings" of Chinese pop, the over-the-top title probably bestowed by the imaginative Hong Kong media because of the singers' immense popularity. Cheung, of course, has been elevated even higher on the celestial plane!)" Ming, Fong (2002-11-09), «Jacky, oh!», New Straits Times: 3 
  131. "Recently, the girls proved their credibility as live performers, appearing as guests to Hong Kong's legendary "God of Songs" Sam Hui during his two live dates in Malaysia for the 50,000-strong crowds at Bukit Jalil National Stadium in Kuala Lumpur." in «Sounds of the East», The Bangkok Post: 1, 2005-03-15 
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  134. "It had already been noted that Neil Young was an important influence on grunge musicians, and in the mid- 1990s it became common to see Neil Young described as 'the godfather of grunge'." in Echard, William (2005), Neil Young and the Poetics of Energy, Indiana University Press, p. 43, ISBN 9780253217684 
  135. "Considered the Godfather of Italo Disco, Robotnick has also produced ambient, world music and even film soundtracks, first coming to prominence under his Robotnick alias with the track 'Problemes d'amour' in 1983." Dave Noonan (18 Feb 2006). «ES#2 with Ellen Allien & Alexander Robotnick, Dublin». Resident Advisor. Consultado el 21-12-2009.
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  137. "Lawrence Welk often referred to Witkowski and Kirchberg as his influences growing up and dubbed them the 'Godfathers of Polka'" in Wunnerful, Wunnerful: The Autobiography of Lawrence Welk, (Bantam Books, 1973), ISBN 0-13-971515-0: 31
  138. "But somewhere between his last album, "Naughty Little Doggie," and his latest one, "Avenue B," the godfather of punk turned 50, a change that apparently has provided him with plenty of food for thought, judging by the song subjects on the record, scheduled for release September 14 on Virgin." in Christman, Ed (1999-08-07), «Iggy Pop opens a 'window into the soul' on Virgin's contemplative 'Avenue B'», Billboard 111: 14, ISSN 00062510 
  139. "Looking remarkably healthy for a man who nurtured a world-class drug habit for many years, the "Godfather of Punk" Iggy Pop is set to close the Other Stage on Saturday night." in «Godfather of punk still has lust for life», Western Daily Press: 30, 2007-06-05 
  140. a b "Rudy Ray Moore has been called the Godfather of Rap (a title that has also been used to describe sociopolitical soulster Gil Scott-Heron)." in Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra, John Bush, Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2003), All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul, Backbeat Books, p. 482, ISBN 9780879307448 
  141. "Known as "the Godfather of Ska," Laurel Aitken was Jamaica's first real recording star." Laurel Aitken Biography on Allmusic, retrieved 11/23/2009.
  142. "And today, James Brown's status as "The Godfather of Soul" remains undiminished." in David Pullman to Securitize "Godfather of Soul" James Brown, Business Wire, 1999-05-03, p. 1 
  143. "...the musical legacy of Robert Johnson has entranced later generations of rock and blues musicians such as the Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin. Fans and experts alike call him the "grandfather of rock and roll", in "The grandfather of rock'n'roll: The devil's instrument", The Independent, 26 July 2006, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/the-grandfather-of-rocknroll-the-devils-instrument-409317.html, retrieved 09/09/09.
  144. "Three weeks after the press conference, with almost no advance notice, a new album by His Purple Majesty suddenly arrived in stores" in Carcieri, Matthew (2004), Prince: A Life in Music, iUniverse, p. 15, ISBN 9780595320127 
  145. "The highlight of the evening was an impromptu performance by his 'Purple Majesty'." in «Prince Throws Lavish Bash to Mark His 27th Birthday», Jet 68 (15): 6, 1985-06-24, ISSN 00215996 
  146. "This is the year of His Royal Badness! Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, he just dropped a new cd Musicology, and he is currently on a tour that is selling out multiple dates in major cities" in Prince: Royal Rocker Still Reigns After 25 Years Of Music, 105, Jet, 2004-04-26, p. 58, ISSN 00215996 
  147. "Depending on whom you speak with, especially former employees who have dealt with Prince's madness on various levels, 'His Royal Badness' can either be especially charming or the most bugged bastard since batman took residence inside a cave." in McKeen, William (2000), Rock and Roll is Here to Stay: An Anthology, W. W. Norton & Company, p. 554, ISBN 9780393047004 
  148. "The 42-year-old singer, who was known in his home country as 'King', died in hospital on Tuesday." in BBC – "Hungary's pop 'King' dies", retrieved 09/09/09.
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  150. "One other artist, John Lee Hooker is by most standards the undisputed 'king of the blues'." in Wald, Elijah (2004), Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues, HarperCollins, p. 208, ISBN 9780060524234 
  151. "Much later, as the reigning King of the Blues, BB would explain that the "blues isn't just some sad music about a broken heart, a busted dream, or a painful love affair. Blues is much more than any of these things. If I could pick three descriptions of it, I'd say it ain't nothing but living, laughing and loving." in Nazel, Joe (1998), B.B. King: King of the Blues, Holloway House Publishing, p. 60, ISBN 9780870677922 
  152. "Inevitably called 'King of the Blues', BB King is today probably the most commercially successful blues singer with black audiences." in Oakley, Giles (1997), The Devil's Music: A History of the Blues, Da Capo Press, p. 228, ISBN 9780306807435 
  153. "His nickname, 'The King of Country Music,' may sound a bit mawkish and old- fashioned, but, in many ways, it is remarkably accurate." in Wolfe, Charles K. (2001), Classic Country: Legends of Country Music, Routledge, p. 19, ISBN 9780415928274 
  154. "Stevie B was highly influential in the Latin freestyle and High-Energy dance music scene, mostly from Miami, of the late 1980s. Many referred to him as “The King of Freestyle” and is bestknown for his 1990 number one hit, “Because I Love You (The Postman Song)” off the “Love & Emotion” album." in King Of Freestyle, Stevie B, And Others Come To San Manuel, Black Voice News, 22 July 2009, http://www.midvalleynewsonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2202:manuel-indian-nation&catid=46:community-news&Itemid=189, consultado el 2009-09-17 
  155. "His North American breakthrough came in 1972, when he sang the role of Tonio in Donizetti's Daughter of the Regiment at New York's Metropolitan Opera. In his big number, "Pour mon ame", he had to sing nine high C's, a feat that virtually every tenor pulls off by singing falsetto. Not Pavarotti. ... He was from then on known as 'The King of the High C's'." Enman, Charles (7 de septiembre de 2007). «The King of the High C's». Ottawa Citizen. Consultado el 05-04-2009.
  156. "He was known as 'King of the Jukebox' and was one of the first black artists to have both white and black supporters following his jazz, blues, and boogie-woogie tunes." in Brewer Jr., John M. (2007), Pittsburgh Jazz, Arcadia Publishing, p. 95, ISBN 9780738549804 
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  162. "In the past five years, Western music critics have reached into their grab bag to label him the 'Algerian Elvis' and the 'poster boy for the modern form of Algerian desert blues.' In the decade before that, he was known as Cheb Khaled (cheb means "young man" in Algeria's Arabic dialect) or, more simply, the 'King of Rai.'" in Curiel, Jonathan (2005-07-10), The 'King of Rai' Seeks a New Name, San Francisco Chronicle, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/07/10/PKGO4DI60H1.DTL&hw=Khaled+algeria&sn=001&sc=1000 
  163. "Considered by some the 'King of Rap,' Kurtis Blow is at the very least one of the genre's leading pioneers." in Henderson, Ashyia N. (2002), Contemporary Black Biography: Profiles from the International Black Community, Gale Research International, p. 7, ISBN 9780787652821 
  164. El rapero se llevó cuatro estatuillas de ocho nominaciones. Mejor disco rap es sólo uno de los galardones que se llevó este desconocido artista. ChileFunk Lil Wayne, el Rey Midas del Rap que arrasó en los Premios GrammyConsultado el 11 de agosto de 2010
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  169. "Ebony hailed Domino as the "King of Rock 'n' Roll" in Altschuler, Glenn C. (2003), All shook up: how rock 'n' roll changed America, Oxford University Press, p. 43, ISBN 9780195139433 
  170. a b "Just as journalists had crowned white bandleaders Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman as the kings of jazz and swing, in the 1950s they enthroned Presley, Haley, and Freed as the kings of rock 'n' roll" in Coleman, Rick (2007), Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll, Da Capo Press, p. xvii, ISBN 9780306815317 
  171. "His original status as the King of Rock and Roll has never been seriously challenged, and he's remained a bottomless source of inspiration for the generations of rock and rollers who've taken up the cause in the decades since that July night in Memphis". Schinder, Scott (2008), Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends who Changed Music Forever, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 2, ISBN 9780313338465 
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  179. "Just as millions of fans considered Selena the 'queen' of Tejano music, her closest male counterpart, Emilio Navaira, has often been called the "king" of Tejano music." in Hartman, Gary (2008), The history of Texas music, Texas A&M University Press, p. 52, ISBN 9781603440028 
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  189. "This lesson is well-taken in the face of Ozzy's revealed humanity; his label as Prince of Darkness seems untenable as anything more than a stage name" in Moreman, Christopher M. (Fall 2003). «Devil Music and the Great Beast: Ozzy Osbourne, Aleister Crowley, and the Christian Right». Journal of Religion and Popular Culture (Department of Religious Studies and Anthropology, The University of Saskatchewan) V. http://www.usask.ca/relst/jrpc/art5-devilmusic.html. 
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  191. "If R. Kelly is the current king of R&B, Usher is the reigning prince. He drops in on fans with his fifth CD, 'Confessions,' just when it looked as if Justin Timberlake were beginning to take over his territory." in Johnson, Kevin C. (2004-04-01), «Side Woes Trouble A Grown-Up Usher», St. Louis Post - Dispatch: F.3 
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  199. "...signature rifts, and it becomes clear why Aerosmith has been tagged 'America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band.' Few bands on the globe—forget just the United States—have accomplished what Aerosmith have. The band has sold more than 70 million albums worldwide and has won countless awards, including three Grammys. And, with a few exceptions, Aerosmith has delivered on its promise: to make music that strikes the listener in the heart, feet, soul and groin." in Walker, Don (1998-08-15), «Rock This Way: A Brief History of Roads Taken», Billbaord 110 (33): 20, ISSN 00062510 
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  204. "The Stairsteps were tremendous R&B stars and were critically acclaimed as the 'First Family of Soul'." Calloway, Earl (1998-08-22), «Five Stairsteps remembered on ultimate Regal stage revue», Chicago Defender XCVI (166): 15, ISSN 07457014 
  205. The godfathers of rave are enjoying a career renaissance and playing to even bigger crowds. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/rockandpopfeatures/5089840/Prodigy-still-on-fire.html
  206. "The Stones figured out early on that you can rock, and also understand the value of branding. 'The World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band' was a title the Stones bequeathed to themselves, and soon enough, neither media nor fans could think of the name of the band without its slogan."Popkin, Helen A.S., The Stones may be old, but they can still rock, MSNBC, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8985740/, consultado el 2009-04-19 
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