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  • 161Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …

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  • 162Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… …

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  • 163South Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Myths of the popular gods, Vishnu and Shiva, in the Puranas (ancient tales) and the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics, supply material for representational and… …

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  • 164arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …

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  • 165philosophy, Western — Introduction       history of Western philosophy from its development among the ancient Greeks to the present.       This article has three basic purposes: (1) to provide an overview of the history of philosophy in the West, (2) to relate… …

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  • 166Pakistan — /pak euh stan , pah keuh stahn /, n. 1. Islamic Republic of, a republic in S Asia, between India and Afghanistan: formerly part of British India; known as West Pakistan from 1947 71 to distinguish it from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).… …

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  • 167Roman Catholicism — the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic Church. [1815 25] * * * Largest single Christian denomination in the world, with some one billion members, or about 18% of the world s population. The Roman Catholic church has… …

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  • 168HISTORY — For Prehistory see archaeology ; for Biblical and Second Temple periods, see history . Destruction of the Second Temple until the Arab Conquest (70–640 C.E.) THE EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 66–70 C.E. The Jewish war against the Romans, which lasted… …

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  • 169Australian English — (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en AU[1]) is the name given to the group of dialects spoken in Australia that form a major variety of the English language. English is the primary language spoken throughout Australia …

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  • 170Mango — This article is about the fruit. For other meanings of the word, see Mango (disambiguation). Australian Mango with its cross section …

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  • 171Pomegranate — For other uses, see Pomegranate (disambiguation). Pomegranate Punica granatum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom …

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  • 172Yam (vegetable) — Yam is the common name for some species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae).These are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania. There are hundreds of… …

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  • 173homopteran — /heuh mop teuhr euhn, hoh /, adj. 1. homopterous. n. 2. a homopterous insect. [1835 45; see HOMOPTEROUS, AN] * * * ▪ insect order Introduction   any of more than 32,000 species of sucking insects, the members of which exhibit considerable… …

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  • 174Niger — Nigerien /nuy jear ee en /, adj., n. /nuy jeuhr/; Fr. /nee zherdd /, n. 1. a republic in NW Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. 9,388,359; 458,976 sq. mi. (1,188,748 sq. km). Cap.: Niamey. 2. a river in W Africa, rising in S Guinea,… …

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  • 175Shantung — /shan tung / or, for 2, /shan tung/; for 1, also Chin. /shahn doong /, n. 1. Shandong. 2. (often l.c.) Textiles. a. a heavy pongee. Cf. tussah. b. a fabric imitating this, of rayon or cotton. * * * ▪ province …

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  • 176Sweden — /sweed n/, n. a kingdom in N Europe, in the E part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. 8,946,193; 173,732 sq. mi. (449,964 sq. km). Cap.: Stockholm. Swedish, Sverige. * * * Sweden Introduction Sweden Background: A military power during the 17th… …

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  • 177Ericales — ▪ plant order Introduction   rhododendron order of flowering plants, containing 25 families, 346 genera, and more than 11,000 species.       The relationships of the order are unclear. It belongs to neither of the two major asterid groups… …

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  • 178folk literature — Introduction also called  folklore  or  oral tradition        the lore (traditional knowledge and beliefs) of cultures having no written language. It is transmitted by word of mouth and consists, as does written literature, of both prose and… …

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  • 179Nordic bread culture — has existed in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from prehistoric time through to the present. Contents 1 Prehistoric time (until around 1000 AD) 2 Denmark 2.1 History …

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  • 180HUMAN GEOGRAPHY — In respect of human as well as of physical geography, it is convenient to divide the Land of Israel into four major units: 1. the Mediterranean Coastal Plain 2. the hill regions of northern and central Cisjordan (west of the Jordan) 3. the Rift… …

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