# general+or+abstract+notion

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**Aristotle’s logic and metaphysics**— Alan Code PART 1: LOGICAL WORKS OVERVIEW OF ARISTOTLE’S LOGIC The Aristotelian logical works are referred to collectively using the Greek term ‘Organon’. This is a reflection of the idea that logic is a tool or instrument of, though not… …122

**Category theory**— In mathematics, category theory deals in an abstract way with mathematical structures and relationships between them: it abstracts from sets and functions to objects and morphisms . Categories now appear in most branches of mathematics and in… …123

**Turing machine**— For the test of artificial intelligence, see Turing test. For the instrumental rock band, see Turing Machine (band). Turing machine(s) Machina Universal Turing machine Alternating Turing machine Quantum Turing machine Read only Turing machine… …124

**Representation theory**— This article is about the theory of representations of algebraic structures by linear transformations and matrices. For the more general notion of representations throughout mathematics, see representation (mathematics). Representation theory is… …125

**Continental philosophy**— Collective term for the many distinct philospohical traditions, methods, and styles that predominated on the European continent (particularly in France and Germany) from the time of Immanuel Kant. It is usually understood in contrast with… …126

**Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development**— For more information, see Piaget s theory of cognitive development, Cognitive development and Intelligence. Psychology …127

**Postmodernist theory**— Lyotard, Baudrillard and others Thomas Docherty INTRODUCTION Philosophy has been touched by postmodernism. Philosophy, in the modern academy, is supposed to be the discipline of disciplines: it is philosophy which will be able to gather together …128

**Compact space**— Compactness redirects here. For the concept in first order logic, see compactness theorem. In mathematics, specifically general topology and metric topology, a compact space is an abstract mathematical space whose topology has the compactness… …129

**Group theory**— is a mathematical discipline, the part of abstract algebra that studies the algebraic structures known as groups. The development of group theory sprang from three main sources: number theory, theory of algebraic equations, and geometry. The… …130

**Algebraic number field**— In mathematics, an algebraic number field (or simply number field) F is a finite (and hence algebraic) field extension of the field of rational numbers Q. Thus F is a field that contains Q and has finite dimension when considered as a vector… …131

**Mathematical jargon**— The language of mathematics has a vast vocabulary of specialist and technical terms. It also has a certain amount of jargon: commonly used phrases which are part of the culture of mathematics, rather than of the subject. Jargon often appears in… …132

**Schema (Kant)**— In Kantian philosophy, a schema (plural: schemata ) is the procedural rule by which a category or pure, non empirical concept is associated with a mental image of an object. It is supposedly produced by the imagination through the pure form of… …133

**Boolean algebra**— This article discusses the subject referred to as Boolean algebra. For the mathematical objects, see Boolean algebra (structure). Boolean algebra, as developed in 1854 by George Boole in his book An Investigation of the Laws of Thought,[1] is a… …134

**Hilbert space**— For the Hilbert space filling curve, see Hilbert curve. Hilbert spaces can be used to study the harmonics of vibrating strings. The mathematical concept of a Hilbert space, named after David Hilbert, generalizes the notion of Euclidean space. It… …135

**Mill, John Stuart: Logic and metaphysics**— J.S.Mill Logic and metaphysics John Skorupski ENLIGHTENMENT AND ROMANTICISM IN MILL’S PHILOSOPHY Mill’s importance as one of the major figures of nineteenth century politics and culture, and the current interest in him as a moral and political… …136

**Existentialism**— The …137

**Critique of Pure Reason**— Part of a series on Immanuel …138

**Manifold**— For other uses, see Manifold (disambiguation). The sphere (surface of a ball) is a two dimensional manifold since it can be represented by a collection of two dimensional maps. In mathematics (specifically in differential geometry and topology),… …139

**Hinduism**— /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… …140

**interior design**— 1. the design and coordination of the decorative elements of the interior of a house, apartment, office, or other structural space, including color schemes, fittings, furnishings, and sometimes architectural features. 2. the art, business, or… …